Before you start testing, make a plan that outlines the scope, objective, resources, and testing schedule. It’s like having a map for your testing process.
Detailed Test Cases:
Write down proper test cases that specify test case description, test data required, preconditions, test steps in detail to execute test cases, expected result, actual results, environment to in which test cases executed, validation type, remarks, and so on. Clearly created test cases makes testing more efficient, effected and reproducible.
Types of Testing:
There are many types of testing, like Unit Testing, Integration Testing, system testing, functional testing, and non-functional testing. Pick the right one type based on the testing objective.
Use Automation Testing:
For repetitive and regression testing tasks you can use automation, for that automation can save time and remove the chances of human errors.
Create Traceability matrix which will trace all requirements or user stories are covered in test cases and executed. This will help to verify that all requirements have been tested.
When you find problems, don’t ignore them implement a system for tracking, managing and fixing defects.
Prepare realistic and relevant test data for your all test scenarios and make that it should be similar to the production environment as closely as possible.
Test environment should be representative and stable. It should be similar to production environment as closely as possible which includes network configuration, software, hardware and database. This helps make tests more real.
Every time you change the code, check the old code still works and new code change do not introduce any new bug of defect in existing functionality.
Code coverage shows that how much testing is done via testers and also helps to identify areas needs more testing.
Make sure your software runs well under different situations, to ensure it meets performance requirements we are using various type of performance testing like load, stress, and scalability.
Security testing is helping to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in system, network or in software or security threats. We can use various type of security testing like vulnerability scanning, penetration testing, code review, ethical hacking.
User Acceptance Testing (UAT):
Its final phase of software testing it’s involved end-users or stakeholder in UAT to ensure the software meets their needs and expectations.
For future reference and communication documentation is play vital role which includes test plan, test cases, test results, and bug reporting and fixing.
Always try to do testing better. Learn from what you did before and change if you need to.
Maintain open communication between development and testing teams. Collaboration and sharing of information are essential for effective testing.
Time and Resource Management:
Provide proper time and resource for testing is important task. Hurrying can lead to overlooked issues and reduce software quality.
Test Exit Criteria:
Exit criteria should be clearly defined and testing must be complete the exit criteria before declaring testing complete. It’s like a green light that the software is ready for deployment.
NOTE: – Testing is not just about finding defects but also making a software that’s amazing that meets user expectations and business requirements.